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Indische kampen


Glodok Prison in Batavia

Town: Batavia
District: West Java
Region: Java
Location: Batavia (now Jakarta) is on the north coast of West Java. The prison was on Molenvliet-Oost/Gang Lindeteves, in the Chinese Glodok district, in the northern part of the city.
From March 1942 to November 1943 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 2.755
Number of deceased: 100
Information: From March 1942 the prison in Glodok functioned as an internment location for prisoners of war, primarily British and Australians. They were put to work at the Kemajoran airfield. Groups of prisoners of war were taken to Tandjong Priok during 1942, for further transport via Singapore to overseas labour camps. In November 1943 the rest of the prisoners of war were taken from the Glodok prison to the 10th Battalion's Encampment in Batavia. Thereafter the prison was used until the beginning of 1945 as a regular prison.
Commendant: kpt. Nomura Fumio; kpt. Tanaka Kentaro; kpt. Yamamoto Hisao
Guards: Japanese military personnel, native prison personnel, Koreans
Camp leaders: wingcomm. C.H. Noble; kpt. H.L.A. van den Wall Bake
Literature: Kesasar, Totok, Geen saai leven. Het leven van een thee- en rubberplanter gedurende de jaren 1926-1947 [1982])
Kampen-Bronkhorst, D. van, De oorlog duurt voort. Over de problematiek van oorlogsgetroffenen in het kader van maatschappelijk werk ('s-Gravenhage 1979)
Verstraaten, A., Ooggetuige. Krijgsgevangen in Indië en Japan (1942-1945) (Zutphen 2008)

From 06 March 1942 to 25 March 1942 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: men
Number of internees: 500
Information: The Glodok prison served in March 1942 as the first internment location for Dutch administrative officials, police personnel, and members of the city guard. They included Batavia's mayor ir. E.A. Voorneman and resident mr. Ch.W.A. Abbenhuis. Later in March they were taken with the rest of the “European prominent people” to Struiswijk prison, elsewhere in Batavia.
Guards: Native prison personnel

From 27 September 1944 to 27 August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: young men
Number of internees: 650
Number of deceased: 77
Information: On September 27th 1944, several dozen Indo-European youths were arrested in Batavia because they refused to declare loyalty to the Japanese authorities. They were locked up in Glodok prison. In January and February 1945, circa 1,500 Indo-Europeans - primarily boys and men - were arrested for the same reason in Batavia, Buitenzorg, Soekaboemi, Bandoeng, Semarang, Soerabaja, Malang and a number of smaller places. Approximately 650 of them were interned in Glodok prison, the rest were interned elsewhere. They were continually pressed to reconsider their anti-Japanese stance. Several dozen of them refused this pressure to the very end: through starvation, illness, and abuse, by the time of the Japanese capitulation about 80 of this group of political internees had died. The survivors were freed on August 27th 1945.
Literature: Hermanus, R., Indisch jongerenverzet 1944 - Glodok 1945 (Ede 1999-2)
Hermanus, R., Glodok 2. Naar de Oost en terug (Zoetermeer 2007)