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East Indies camp archives ( Indische kamparchieven ENG )

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JCJL Camp in Soerabaja

Town: Soerabaja
District: East Java
Region: Java
Location: Soerabaja is on East Java, opposite the island of Madoera. The complex of the Java-China-Japan Line was between Amsterdamweg and Amsterdamkade, on the northern side of the Tandjoeng Perak harbour, north of Soerabaja.
From March 1942 to [01] December 1944 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 1.400
Information: At the end of March 1942, prisoners of war from Madoera and central and eastern Java were, along with a group of approximately 400 civilian men from Soerabaja, interned in sheds, offices, and outbuildings belonging to the Java-China-Japan Line in the Tandjoeng Perak harbour. They were put to work by day, among other things for the cleaning and rebuilding effort at the harbour. Between 5 and 15 September the British, Australian, and American prisoners of war were sent to the HBS in Soerabaja. The Dutch, Moluccan, and Menadonese prisoners of war went to the Jaarmarkt terrain in Soerabaja. Thereafter the JCJL buildings functioned as a transition camp for transports of prisoners of war, romushas, and heihos on their way to labour camp in the eastern part of the Indies Archipelago.
Commendant: lt. Hamaguchi
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans
Camp leaders: lt.-kol. H.J. Ente van Gils