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East Indies camp archives ( Indische kamparchieven ENG )

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Struiswijk in Batavia

Town: Batavia
District: West Java
Region: Java
Location: Batavia (now Jakarta) is on the north coast of West Java. The Struiswijk prison was on Drukkerijweg south of the city center.
From March 1942 to January 1944 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: men
Number of internees: 3.000
Information: From March 1942 men, primarily from the Batavia area, were locked up at the Struiswijk prison. Among them were also the “European prominent people”, political functionaries and members of the city guard who had been previously interned in Glodok prison. In January 1944 they were taken to the 15th Battalion in Bandoeng.
Guards: Native prison personnel, Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: jhr. H.A. van Karnebeek

From October 1942 to 1943 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 100
Information: In April 1942, approximately 100 British and American women and children were locked up in the Struiswijk prison. After several weeks they were set free. In October they were re-interned, in order to be taken to Tanahtinggi (Tangerang) in December.
Guards: Native prison personnel, Koreans, heihos

From January 1944 to October 1944 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Other name: Bunsho I Kamp 7
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 1.100
Information: During 1944, the Struiswijk prison served as a prisoner of war camp, primarily for officers.
Commendant: kpt. Kasahara Gengo; Sonei Kenichi
Main guards: Adachi; Yamauchi; Yoshida; Kanayama; Miura; Yanagawa; Hiramoto; Mitsushiro
Guards: Native prison personnel, Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: lt.-kol. Daub

From November 1944 to August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Bunsho I Kamp 7
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 1.450
Information: At the beginning of 1944, women and children from Bandoeng and Buitenzorg were taken to the Struiswijk prison.
Commendant: kpt. Maruyama Naosuke
Guards: Native prison personnel, Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: mw. G.J.H. (Truus) Fokkema-Visser
Literature: Lavalije, Th. e.a., In naam van de keizer. Jongens in de kampen te Bandoeng 1942-1945/2602-2605 (Waddinxveen 1995)
Michielsen-Baljon, C.E., Alles is in orde... Fushimban ijo arimasen (Den Haag 1997)
Doorn, I. van, Geluk is als een vogel. Roman uit de nadagen van Nederlandsch-Indië (Franeker 1981)

From 23 August 1945 to 11 November 1945 this location served as a relief camp >>
Internees: men, women, and children
Number of internees: 1.400
Information: At the time of the Japanese capitulation there were approximately 1,400 women and children in the Struiswijk prison. Directly after the surrender the food situation began to improve, as well as the medical care. From the beginning of October, small groups of men from Tjimahi began to arrive in search of family. Men, women, and children from the area also sought refuge at the prison, because their houses had been plundered. The prison was isolated and by October the area was so dangerous that people could only enter and leave the prison under armed English guard. On November 11th the prison was cleared. Most of the residents went to the Ursuline Cloister in Bandoeng.
Commendant: Adachi
Camp leaders: mw. G.J.H. (Truus) Fokkema-Visser
Literature: Michielsen-Baljon, C.E., Alles is in orde... Fushimban ijo arimasen (Den Haag 1997)