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Railroad Camp 2 Soengeitengkirang in Pakanbaroe

Town: Pakanbaroe
District: Eastcoast of Sumatra
Region: Sumatra
Location: Pakanbaroe is on Siak River in East-Sumatra. Soengeitengkirang was approximately 3 kilometres south of Pakanbaroe.
From 20 May 1944 to 23 August 1945 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 1.000 (approximately)
Information: Between May 1944 and August 1945, forced laborers - prisoners of war and romushas - laid a railway line approximately 220 kilometres long between Pakanbaroe and Moeara, which was finished on August 15th 1945. In total, there were 14 camps along the railway line from which work was done. Soengeitengkirang was a base-and-hospital camp.
Commendant: kpt. Miyazaki Ryohei; lt. Doi Izami; lt. Nagai Susumi
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans
Camp leaders: wingcomm. P.S. Davis; lt.-kol. W.C.M. Slabbekoorn
Literature: Hovinga, H., Op dood spoor. Het drama van de Pakan Baroe-spoorweg 1943-1945 (Franeker 2009-5)
Neumann, H. en E. van Witsen, De Sumatra Spoorweg. Documentatie (Middelie 1985-2)
Heekeren, C. van, e.a., Het pannetje van Oliemans. Vijfhonderd krijgsgevangenen onder de Japanners, Zuid-Atjeh, 1944 (Franeker 1975-2)
Hovinga, H., Met de dood voor ogen. Overleven in de strijd om Indië (Franeker 2005)
Schoonenberg, B., De poorten der hel. Van Batavia tot Pakan Baroe, veertig maanden slavenarbeid in Japanse gevangenkampen 1942-1945 (Bussum 1978)
Heekeren, C. van, e.a., De 'Atjeh-Party' (8 maart tot 3 november 1944). Een relaas (['s-Gravenhage] [1964])
Hovinga, H., The Sumatra railroad. Final destination Pakan Baroe, 1943-1945 (Leiden 2010)

From 23 August 1945 to 25 November 1945 this location served as a ex-Japanese camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war
Information: The camp near Soengeitengkirang had functioned as a base camp and a hospital camp. On August 20th 1945, Camp Commanadant Captain Miyazaki burned all the camp’s administration. Wing Commander Davis, on August 23rd, countered the Japanese silence by ordering the singing of national anthems; the next day Miyazaki let it be known that the Japanese had surrendered. When the warehouses were opened, clothing, food, medicines, and post and packets from the Red Cross were found, which had been withheld. The roofs of the barracks were repaired. Everyone had freedom of movement within the camp and they could cook their own food. The camp became the collection point for all of the remaining ex-prisoners of war from the camps 1, 3, 9 and 11. On September 15th Lady Mountbatten visited the camp and it was inspected by Allied officials, after which the relief program was improved. On September 22nd, the last English and Australian people left the camp. They were taken to Singapore. On November 25th the last transport of Dutch ex-prisoners of war left the camp; they were taken to Padang, Medan and Palembang.
Commendant: kpt. Miyazaki Ryohei
Camp leaders: wingcomm. P.S. Davis
Literature: Hovinga, H., Met de dood voor ogen. Overleven in de strijd om Indië (Franeker 2005)
Schoonenberg, B., De poorten der hel. Van Batavia tot Pakan Baroe, veertig maanden slavenarbeid in Japanse gevangenkampen 1942-1945 (Bussum 1978)