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Soengeisengkol in Medan

Town: Medan
District: Eastcoast of Sumatra
Region: Sumatra
Location: Medan is on the east coast of Sumatra. The tobacco plantation Soengeibras (formely known als Soengeikrio) of the NV Tabak Maatschappij Arendsburg (NV Tobacco Company Arendsburg) was approximately 17 kilometres southwest of Medan.
From 18 March 1943 to 02 October 1944 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: men and boys
Number of internees: 700 (approximately)
Number of deceased: 8
Information: From March 1943, the former coolie hospital and outbuildings at the Soengeibras tobacco plantation were used as a gathering camp for “European” men and boys from Medan, Pematangsiantar, Brastagi and Bindjei. The buildings were encircled with barbed wire. At the beginning of October 1944 the civilian internees were taken elsewhere - Aek Pamienke, Si Rengorengo, Padanghalaban - and the camp was for a short time a prisoner of war camp.
Guards: Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: W.F. van Bloemendaal; C.J.J. Hogenboom
Literature: Dijk, F.N.J. van, en T. Zwaanswijk, Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1995)
Dijk, F.N.J. van, en T. Zwaanswijk, Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1997)
Kousbroek, R., Terug naar Negri Pan Erkoms (Amsterdam 1995)
Visser, A., Een merkwaardige loopbaan (Franeker 1982)
Brandt, W. (W.S.B. Klooster), Zwarte moesson (Baarn 1966-3)
Koperberg, H., Bittere pillen en scherpe pijlen uit de Japanse intereeringskampen te Soengei Sengkol en Si Rengo Rengo, Sumatra 1944 en 1945 [1946])

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From 10 October 1944 to 26 October 1944 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 458
Number of deceased: None
Information: From mid-March 1943, the former coolie hospital and outbuildings at the Soengeibras tobacco plantation were used as a gathering camp for “European” men and boys. After these civilian internees were taken elsewhere, the “Atjeh Party” arrived at the camp on 10 October 1944: 458 Dutch, British and Australian prisoners of war who had worked on the road from Blangkedjeren to Takengon (Takingeun), and who could get their strength back in Soengeisengkol. On 26 October, they left on foot for Medan, to be sent on from there to the Pakanbaroe railway line.
Guards: Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: kpt. J.J.A. van de Lande
Literature: Heekeren, C. van, e.a., Het pannetje van Oliemans. Vijfhonderd krijgsgevangenen onder de Japanners, Zuid-Atjeh, 1944 (Franeker 1975-2)
Heekeren, C. van, e.a., De 'Atjeh-Party' (8 maart tot 3 november 1944). Een relaas (['s-Gravenhage] [1964])

See also