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Mater Dolorosa in Batavia

Town: Batavia
District: West Java
Region: Java
Location: Batavia (now Jakarta) is on the north coast of West Java. The Mater Dolorosa cloister was at Pasarstraat 122, in the southern part of the city.
From April 1943 to February 1945 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Other name: Klooster van de Congregatie van de Goede Herder
Internees: prisoners of war
Information: From April 1943, the girls’ and women’s halls at the Cloister of the Congregation of the Good Shepherd were used as a hospital for sick prisoners of war. Among them were seriously ill people from the Molluccan transports. In February 1945, the remaining prisoners of war were taken to the 10th Battalion, elsewhere in Batavia.
Guards: Koreans, heihos
Literature: Berge, G. ten, Met open ogen. Gesprek met Hein ten Berge over zijn jaren in Nederlands-Indië als leraar in Moentilan en in Japanse krijgsgevangenschap (1929-1946) (Maarssen [1995])
Veenstra, J.H.W. e.a., Als krijgsgevangene naar de Molukken en Flores. Relaas van een Japans transport van Nederlandse en Engelse militairen 1943-1945 ('s-Gravenhage 1982)

From May 1945 to August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Klooster van de Congregatie van de Goede Herder
Internees: men
Number of internees: 2.070
Number of deceased: 276 (May - October 1945)
Information: From May 1945, sick and elderly men from the men’s camps in Bandoeng en Tjimahi were taken to the Cloister of the Congregation of the Good Shepherd. They came by train and were taken from the station to the cloister in open trucks. Most of the patients were ambulatory. Upon arrival they looked terrible: almost no clothing, unshaven, long hair, hollow faces. The death count was high: during the months of July and August 10 or 12 people died daily. The task of nursing was in the hands of the nuns from the Cloister and nuns who were brought to the cloister from Camp Kramat. Medical care was provided by the staff of the nearby Saint Vincent Hospital, the general camp hospital for Batavia. Both infirmaries were considered part of the overall Japanese medical services fro the camps, under one directing medical officer.
Commendant: kpt. dr. Mitsufuji Yasuteru
Main guards: Yamamoto Eiji; Kamura
Guards: Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: dr. H. Hogerzeil; mw. dr. Brederode; zr. Bank
Literature: Manders, J., De lach uit leed geboren. Herinneringen uit de Japanse concentratiekampen voor vrouwen en kinderen (Nijmegen [1969])

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From 23 August 1945 this location served as a relief camp >>
Other name: Klooster van de Congregatie van de Goede Herder
Internees: men
Number of deceased: 1.000
Information: At the time of the Japanese capitulation, the camp hospital at the Cloister of the Congregation of the Good Shepherd held approximately 1,000 men and older boys. They had been taken from men’s camps in Bandoeng en Tjimahi to the cloister due to illness. After the Japanese capitulation there were no new arrivals. The death rate remained high for a time. The camp’s leadership was in the hands of dr. B. Lutter, KNIL officer of health and directing medical officer.
Camp leaders: dr. B. Lutter
Nurses in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia. Photo by H. Ripassa, September-October 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 57282 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Nurses in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia. Photo by H. Ripassa, September-October 1945.<br/>NIOD 57282 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Nurses in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia. Photo by H. Ripassa, September-October 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 57283 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Nurses in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia. Photo by H. Ripassa, September-October 1945.<br/>NIOD 57283 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> A mens' ward in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia. Photo by H. Ripassa, September-October 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 57290 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; A mens' ward in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia. Photo by H. Ripassa, September-October 1945.<br/>NIOD 57290 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Coffins in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 53829 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Coffins in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 53829 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Coffins in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 53830 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Coffins in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 53830 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Nurse T. Jongsma with a patient in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 53831 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Nurse T. Jongsma with a patient in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 53831 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Nurse T. Jongsma (on the far right) and other nurses in their room in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 53832 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Nurse T. Jongsma (on the far right) and other nurses in their room in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 53832 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Nurse T. Jongsma with a patient in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 53833 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Nurse T. Jongsma with a patient in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 53833 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Nurse T. Jongsma with a few patients in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 51824 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Nurse T. Jongsma with a few patients in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 51824 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Patients in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 51825 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Patients in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 51825 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Notice board in an annex of the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, with lists of people that have been executed by the Japanese. Photo by H. Ripassa, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 51915 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Notice board in an annex of the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, with lists of people that have been executed by the Japanese. Photo by H. Ripassa, 1945.<br/>NIOD 51915 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Sick ward in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 51817 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Sick ward in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 51817 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Sick ward in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 51818 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Sick ward in the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 51818 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a> Nurse T. Jongsma and lieutenant A. Hengeveld of the Royal Navy with members of the Sikh Brigade in front of the entrance of the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.&lt;br/&gt;NIOD 48871 &lt;a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank&gt;Beeldbank WO2&lt;/a&gt; Nurse T. Jongsma and lieutenant A. Hengeveld of the Royal Navy with members of the Sikh Brigade in front of the entrance of the cloister-turned-hospital Mater Dolorosa in Batavia, 1945.<br/>NIOD 48871 <a class=uline href=http://www.beeldbankwo2.nl target=_blank>Beeldbank WO2</a>

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