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Bethany Church in Ambon-Stad

Town: Ambon-Stad
District: Ambon
Region: Moluccas
Location: Ambon-city is on Ambon Island, on the north coast of the southern peninsula of Leitimor, on Ambon Bay. The Bethany Church was on Batoegadjahlaan, in the southeastern part of the city.
From 15 February 1943 to 18 March 1943 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 300
Information: After a Japanese munitions depot was hit in an Allied attack on Tantoei on 15 February 1943, causing deaths, the interned women and children in the military encampment at Tantoei were transferred to the Bethany Church in Ambon City. They were housed in the church and outbuildings, surrounded by barbed wire. A month later they were taken by the Rio de Janeiro Maru, a Japanese troop transport ship, to Makassar. The ship was followed by an Allied submarine, which did not engage because it was known that there were internees on board the Japanese carrier. Immediately after disembarkation the ship was torpedoed.
Commendant: Tzune Tomisawa
Guards: Native police personnel
Camp leaders: mw. J.C. Valderpoort-Wierts van Coehoorn
Literature: Valkenburg, R., Djoenkeng owari/Het appèl is afgelopen (Dordrecht 1977-2)
Stolk, T. en P. Seth Paul, Hoe het ons verging... op Zuidwest Celebes en omliggende eilanden (Emmen [1994])

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