Nederlands / Dutch
Your search: East Indies camp archives

East Indies camp archives ( Indische kamparchieven ENG )

beacon
<#breadcrumb#>

Baros 6 in Tjimahi

Town: Tjimahi
District: West Java
Region: Java
Location: Tjimahi is in West Java, northwest of Bandoeng. The Artillery Encampment was on Barosweg and Willemstraat, in the southern part of the city.
From April 1942 to July 1942 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Other name: Kampement Depot Mobiele Artillerie, Baros II (Van Velden)
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 200
Information: The houses and other buildings of the Mobile Artillery Depot encampment were used from April until July 1942 as a prisoner of war camp, encircled by barbed wire. In July the prisoners of war were taken to the 15th Battalion in Bandoeng.
Main guards: Shimomya; Segami; Kunimoto; Mori; Oyama
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans, heihos

From December 1942 to 17 July 1944 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Kampement Depot Mobiele Artillerie, Bunsho II Kamp 6, Baros II (Van Velden)
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 1.200
Information: In December 1942, women and children from in and around Tjimahi were interned at the Mobile Artillery Depot encampment. They were housed in under-officers’ homes, mostly duplexes with one large and two small rooms each plus a kitchen and a bathroom. On July 17th 1944 the women and their children were taken to Camp Tjihapit in Bandoeng. They were forced to leave 15 boys of 13 years and older behind in Tjimahi.
Commendant: lt. Wakamatsu Shizuo; kpt. Takagi Seigo; lt. Kashara Gengo
Main guards: Shimomya; Segami; Kunimoto; Mori; Oyama
Camp leaders: mw. R. Minderman

From 19 July 1944 to 23 August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Kampement Depot Mobiele Artillerie, Bunsho II Kamp 6, Willemskamp (centraal kampziekenhuis), Jongenskamp Baros, Baros II (Van Velden)
Internees: boys
Number of internees: 1.635
Information: On July 21st 1944, nine men and about 20 older boys from the 4th and 9th Battalion camp elsewhere in Tjimahi arrived at the Mobile Artillery Depot encampment (Baros 6) in Tjimahi. They had been instructed to organize a boys’ camp there. G.A. Schotel became the camp leader. His right hand man was Jaap Moolenaar, who assumed the direction of the camp’s administration. Bram Nauta became head of the kitchen, and the doctors Wins en Baartman were responsible for medical care. The camp was divided into blocks, I and II on the Baros side and III and IV on Willemstraat. In April 1945, the blocks on Willemstraat were fused and moved to the Baros side, in order to make room on Willemstraat for a camp hospital. The blocks were divided into sections, each led by a kumicho (section commandant), usually an adult male. In addition, each house had a house head, usually a somewhat older boy. Each house held 9 or 10 people. Each house had running water and electricity, but there was only one shielded light source permitted per house and there was a light bulb shortage. The Baros side and Willemstraat each had a toko and a camp kitchen. The food was picked up at the kitchen in amounts suitable for each cluster of houses and divided among the residents. Vegetables were grown in the gardens to augment the rations. From June 1945, the harvests from the gardens had to be delivered to the kitchens for use by the entire camp. Smuggling or trading for food were punished by closure of the toko and/or withholding of food. Chore crews who worked outside the camp were paid a stipend and were able to come by extra food and news. A blind eye was turned to educational activities, and there were church services practically weekly.
Commendant: kpt. Takagi Seigo
Main guards: Shimomya; Segami; Kunimoto; Mori; Oyama
Camp leaders: G.A. Schotel
Literature: Liesker, H.A.M. e.a., Je denk, ken niet, maar kèn!! (Waddinxveen 1997)
Liesker, H.A.M. e.a., 2603-1945, jongens in de mannenkampen te Tjimahi, Baros 5 en 4e/9e Bat. (Waddinxveen 1993)
Heijmans-van Bruggen, M.P. en E. Broers (red.), Dagboeken geschreven in jongenskamp Baros 6 (Amsterdam 2003)

From 23 August 1945 to 23 November 1945 this location served as a relief camp >>
Other name: Kampement Depot Mobiele Artillerie, Willemskamp (centraal kampziekenhuis), Baros III (Van Velden)
Internees: men, women, and children
Number of internees: 1.700
Information: On August 2nd, camp commandant Takagi Seigo reported to the camp’s European leadership that Japan had surrendered; extra food and medicines arrived at the camp. On 22 August camp leader Schotel called an assembly at which he announced the Japanese surrender, and announced that the Japanese must now protect the ex-internees and that the camp routine would continue. Some days later the heihos guarding the camp were replaced with Japanese soldiers. There was trading at the camp edges. The ex-internees left the camp on their own initiative to seek family members. On September 9th the sick were taken from the Willemstraat camp hospital to the Juliana Hospital in Bandoeng. During October men, women, and children from the surrounding area sought refuge at the camp. In the second half of November the camp was cleared, and the people went to the Mountain Artillery encampment elsewhere in Tjimahi.
Commendant: kpt. Takagi Seigo
Camp leaders: G.A. Schotel