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Aek Pamienke III in Rantauprapat

Town: Rantauprapat
District: Eastcoast of Sumatra
Region: Sumatra
Location: Rantauprapat is approximately 300 kilometres south of Medan (East-Sumatra). The rubber plantation of the NV Asahan Cultuur Maatschappij (NV Asahan Cultivation Company) was approximately 30 kilometres north of Rantauprapat, on the South-Asahan railway line of the Deli Spoorweg Maatschappij (Deli Railway Company).
From 15 July 1945 to 23 August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Aik Pamienke, Aek Paminke, Aek Pamengke
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 1.347
Number of deceased: 7
Information: All of the “European” women and children (except boys older than 8 or 10) from Atjeh, Tapanoeli, and the east coast of Sumatra were in the last months of the Japanese occupation held in Aek Pamienke. There were three large barracks camps there, approximately 6 kilometres from each other, on the business road and truck road between Pamienke and Bandardoerian. In Pamienke there was one at a stop for the South-Asahan Line of the Deli Railway Company; in Bandardoerian there were a rubber factory and the connection with the Rantauprapat-Kisaran road. Between camps 1 and 2 there was a central business hospital, which functioned as the camp hospital and is sometimes named Camp Aek Pamienke 4. Aek Pamienke 3 consisted of barracks made of bamboo, wood, and atap, encircled with barbed wire. The interned women and children in Aek Pamienke 3 came from Brastagi. The circumstances were very primitive; the internees were severely weakened by illness and exhaustion, and dozens of them died.
Commendant: sgt. Kawakami
Guards: Heihos
Camp leaders: mw. A.E. (Nora) Prins-Röhrborn; mw. A. (Ria) Eikens-Vervloet
Literature: Dijk, F.N.J. van, Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1989)
Dijk, F.N.J. van, Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1991)
Zwaanswijk, T., Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1992)
Zwaanswijk, T., Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1992) Kruijf, E. de, "Kinderen uit het Jappenkamp. De jongste generatie van '40-'45 ", Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid (MGV) 1981) p. 314-329
Kousbroek, R., Terug naar Negri Pan Erkoms (Amsterdam 1995)
Jacobs, A., Ontwortelden ('s-Gravenhage 1947)
Hovinga, H., Met de dood voor ogen. Overleven in de strijd om Indië (Franeker 2005)
Vreede, M. de, Een hachelijk bestaan (Amsterdam 1980-3)
Vreede, M. de, Waar ik mee leef/Kind in kamp (Amsterdam 1995)
Brummelaar, E. ten, You can't eat grass 1996)

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