Nederlands / Dutch
Your search: East Indies camp archives

Aek Pamienke II in Rantauprapat

Town: Rantauprapat
District: Eastcoast of Sumatra
Region: Sumatra
Location: Rantauprapat is approximately 300 kilometres south of Medan (East-Sumatra). The rubber plantation of the NV Asahan Cultuur Maatschappij (NV Asahan Cultivation Company) was approximately 30 kilometres north of Rantauprapat, on the South-Asahan railway line of the Deli Spoorweg Maatschappij (Deli Railway Company).
From 01 October 1944 to 08 April 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Aik Pamienke, Aek Paminke, Aek Pamengke
Internees: men
Number of internees: 200
Number of deceased: 3
Information: In October 1944, a work camp was set up in Aek Pamienke for “strong” men and older boys from the camps Belawan Estate and Soengeisengkol. They were put to work cutting down the rubber plantation and the (failed) planting of a cornfield for use by the women’s camps. After several weeks of work at the setting up of the women’s camps Aek Pamienke 2 and 3, they were taken to Si Rengorengo. The work camp was then expanded and became Aek Pamienke 2. The camp comprised coolie barracks, encircled by barbed wire.
Commendant: sgt. Noda; sgt. Kawakami
Guards: Heihos
Camp leaders: J.J. van de Velde; ds. I.S. Kijne
Literature: Zwaanswijk, T., Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1995)
Dijk, F.N.J. van, en T. Zwaanswijk, Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1997)
Kousbroek, R., Terug naar Negri Pan Erkoms (Amsterdam 1995)
Visser, A., Een merkwaardige loopbaan (Franeker 1982)
Velde, J.J. van de, Brieven uit Sumatra 1928-1949 (Franeker 1982)
Brandt, W. (W.S.B. Klooster), Zwarte moesson (Baarn 1966-3)
Vreede, M. de, Een hachelijk bestaan (Amsterdam 1980-3)
Vreede, M. de, Waar ik mee leef/Kind in kamp (Amsterdam 1995)
Brummelaar, E. ten, You can't eat grass 1996)

See also
From 16 June 1945 to 23 August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Aik Pamienke, Aek Paminke, Aek Pamengke
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 1.980
Number of deceased: 17
Information: All of the “European” women and children (except boys older than 8 or 10) from Atjeh, Tapanoeli, and the east coast of Sumatra were in the last months of the Japanese occupation held in Aek Pamienke. There were three large barracks camps there, approximately 6 kilometres from each other, on the business road and truck road between Pamienke and Bandardoerian. In Pamienke there was one at a stop for the South-Asahan Line of the Deli Railway Company; in Bandardoerian there were a rubber factory and the connection with the Rantauprapat-Kisaran road. Between camps 1 and 2 there was a central business hospital, which functioned as the camp hospital and is sometimes named Camp Aek Pamienke 4. Aek Pamienke 2 consisted of barracks made of bamboo, wood, and atap, encircled with barbed wire. The interned women and children in Aek Pamienke 2 came from Poelaubrajan ABC and Gloegoer 2. The circumstances were very primitive; the internees were severely weakened by illness and exhaustion, and dozens of them died.
Commendant: sgt. Kawakami
Guards: Heihos
Camp leaders: mw. M.J. Heijmans-Lancée
Literature: Zwaanswijk, T., Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1995)
Dijk, F.N.J. van, en T. Zwaanswijk, Noord-Sumatra in oorlogstijd. Oorspronkelijke dagboeken uit interneringstijd chronologisch samengevoegd (Makkum 1997) Kruijf, E. de, "Kinderen uit het Jappenkamp. De jongste generatie van '40-'45 ", Maandblad Geestelijke Volksgezondheid (MGV) 1981) p. 314-329
Kousbroek, R., Terug naar Negri Pan Erkoms (Amsterdam 1995)
Jacobs, A., Ontwortelden ('s-Gravenhage 1947)
Vreede, M. de, Een hachelijk bestaan (Amsterdam 1980-3)
Vreede, M. de, Waar ik mee leef/Kind in kamp (Amsterdam 1995)
Brummelaar, E. ten, You can't eat grass 1996)

See also