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15th Battalion's Encampment in Bandoeng

Town: Bandoeng
District: West Java
Region: Java
Location: Bandoeng is on West Java. The 15th Battalion infantry encampment, the 1st Depot Battalion, and the Aerial Target Artillery were bordered by Kampementstraat (northwest), Noorder Kampementstraat (north), Van Oldenbarneveltstraat (southeast) and Noorder Magazijnstraat (southwest), in the northeastern part of the city.
From March 1942 to January 1944 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Other name: Kampement 15de Bat. + 1ste Depot Bat., Luchtdoelartillerie, Tjikoedapateuh; Bunsho II Kamp 1
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 11.700
Information: The encampments of the 15th Battalion Infantry and the 1st Depot Battalion served from March 1942 as prisoner of war camps for Australian, British, American, Dutch, Indo-European, Moluccan and Menadonese prisoners of war. The Aerial Target Artillery encampment to the east of the other two was also for a time part of the camp. The prisoners of war were housed in barracks. The grounds were encircled by barbed wire and gedek.
Commendant: lt.-kol. Minamoto; kpt. Suzuki Susumu; kpt. Takagi Seigo; kpt. Kawakatsu
Main guards: Takamatsu; Matsumara; Otsuka; Mashimoto; Nayashida; Kayama; Yanagawa; Kigawa; Yoshitake; Shugawa; Omiam; Yoshiyama
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: lt.-kol. S. de Waal; lt.-kol. H. Poulus; maj. T.C.N. Canter Visscher
Literature: Schoonenberg, B., De poorten der hel. Van Batavia tot Pakan Baroe, veertig maanden slavenarbeid in Japanse gevangenkampen 1942-1945 (Bussum 1978)

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From January 1944 to August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Kampement 15de Bat. + 1ste Depot Bat., Luchtdoelartillerie, Tjikoedapateuh; Bunsho II Kamp 1
Internees: men and boys
Number of internees: 10.038
Number of deceased: 256 (until August 1st, 1945), 9 (between August 1st and October 15th, 1945)
Information: The encampments of the 15th Battalion Infantry and the 1st Depot Battalion had served from March 1942 as prisoner of war camps. From January 1944 civilian men and boys were brought into the barracks. The grounds were encircled by barbed wire and gedek.
Commendant: kpt. Suzuki Susumu; lt. Takahashi Ryoichi
Main guards: Takamatsu; Matsumara; Otsuka; Mashimoto; Nayashida; Kayama; Yanagawa; Kigawa; Yoshitake; Shugawa; Omiam; Yoshiyama
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans, heihos
Camp leaders: jhr. H.A. van Karnebeek
Literature: Lavalije, Th. e.a., In naam van de keizer. Jongens in de kampen te Bandoeng 1942-1945/2602-2605 (Waddinxveen 1995)
Liesker, H.A.M. e.a., Je denk, ken niet, maar kèn!! (Waddinxveen 1997)
Liesker, H.A.M. e.a., 2603-1945, jongens in de mannenkampen te Tjimahi, Baros 5 en 4e/9e Bat. (Waddinxveen 1993)
Roeloffs, P., Traces. Memoirs of an Indonesian wartime boyhood. Boys in Japanese P.O.W. camps (Medan 1998)
Roeloffs, P., Memoires 1939-1946 (Medan 1998)

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From 23 August 1945 to 1946 this location served as a relief camp >>
Other name: Kampement 15de Bat. + 1ste Depot Bat., Luchtdoelartillerie, Tjikoedapateuh; Bunsho II Kamp 1
Internees: men, women, and children
Number of internees: 8.000
Information: Between 21 and 23 August 1945, the end of the war was made known by various agencies in the 15th Battalion. The heihos guarding the camp were replaced by Japanese. The Indo-European men and boys were allowed to leave the camp. A great deal of food was made available in the camp, and airdrops brought cases of, among other things, medicines. On Sunday and on Queen’s Day, church services were held. Some of the friars from the H. Aloysius Gonzaga of Oudenbosch kept the boys in the camp occupied with theatrical and musical performances and saw to education. The Japanese guards were replaced by British, and later Dutch, military personnel.
Camp leaders: jhr. H.A. van Karnebeek

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