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Artillery Encampment in Tarakan

Town: Tarakan
District: Southeastern region of Borneo
Region: Borneo
Location: Tarakan is situated on the island of Tarakan, off the east coast of Borneo.
From 17 February 1942 to 27 April 1945 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 900
Information: The prisoners of war at Tarakan were initially interned in the infantry encampment, but on 17 February 1942 they were moved to the artillery encampment. Prisoners of war from camps elsewhere in Borneo were also brought to Tarakan. At the beginning of June, about half of the internees - approximately 150 European and 300 native prisoners - were removed to Balikpapan. Groups of prisoners were sent from the artillery encampment to work at the airfield. Several prisoners paid for escape attempts with their lives. On 16 december 1944, 85 European prisoners of war were transferred to Balikpapan, leaving behind 3 officers and 12 sick individuals. One of the ill prisoners died in February, the rest were removed from the camp on 13 April. The remaining (native) prisoners of war were sent to a forest bivouac near Goenoeng Api on April 27th.

From 17 June 1942 to 29 November 1943 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: men
Number of internees: 46
Number of deceased: 1
Information: On June 17th 1942 the civilian men who had been interned in two under-officers houses on the grounds of the infantry encampment were moved to the artillery barracks. To their number were added clergymen from the Mahakam area and men from Teloek Bajoer.At the end of November 1943 the men, along with the women and children from the camp at the police encampment near Lingkas, embarked for Bandjermasin.