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Infantry Encampment in Makassar

Town: Makassar
District: South and southeast Celebes
Region: Celebes
Location: Makassar is situated on the southewest coast of Celebes (Sulawesi). The KNIL infantry camp was on Strandweg, on the coast.
From February 1942 to 05 June 1944 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war; men
Number of internees: 2.870
Number of deceased: 70 (at least)
Information: The KNIL infantry encampment was used from the end of February 1942 as a prisoner of war internment camp. These prisoners were Dutch, American, and British survivors of the battle in the Java Sea (Hr. Ms. De Ruyter, Hr. Ms. Java, HMS Exeter, USS Encounter en USS Pope), KNIL soldiers and other naval personnel. They were housed in the cleared-out barracks and in the communal dwellings of the native KNIL soldiers and their families, and higher-ranking individuals were housed in the homes of married (under-)officers. They were put to work in the partially destroyed harbours of Makassar, at the Mandai airfield, in the chalk mine and chalk factory at Matoeangin, and in the nickel mines of Pomelaä. In the middle of October 1942, about 1,000 prisoners of war were transported to Japan. The regime of Camp Commandant Yoshida Tomao was extremely brutal. Many executions took place at the camp, among other reasons due to suspicion of escape plans. In June 1944 the camp was cleared and the prisoners taken to the Mariso camp.
Commendant: kpl. Yoshida Tamao (uitvoerend, later sgt.-maj.)
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans
Camp leaders: kol. M. Vooren; lt.-kol. A.L. Gortmans
Literature: Douwes, J.J., Eindeloze nacht (Bussum 1995)
Stolk, T. en P. Seth Paul, Hoe het ons verging... op Zuidwest Celebes en omliggende eilanden (Emmen [1994]) Rooij, A. de, "De Congregatie en de oorlog. IV. De fraters van Makassar", Verleden en heden van de Congregatie der Fraters van Tilburg 1946) p. 30-40
Jorisch, H., Rood voor. Herinneringen van Hans Jorisch, krijgsgevangene van de Japanners in Nagasaki (Amsterdam 1990)
Legemaate, H.J., A.J.J. Mulder en M.G.J. van Zeeland, Hr. Ms. Kruiser 'De Ruyter' 1933-1942 (Purmerend 1999)
Tromp, S.G. (red.), Four years till tomorrow. Despair and hope in wartime Dutch East Indies. A collection of 26 eye witness' stories by members of the August 15, 1945 Foundation (Canada 1999)