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East-Indies camps ( Indische kamparchieven ENG )

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Infantry Encampment in Tjilatjap

Town: Tjilatjap
District: Central Java
Region: Java
Location: Tjilatjap is situated on the south coast of Central Java. The infantry encampment was in the city center.
From 15 March 1942 to 01 August 1942 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Other name: Kamp 1, Oude kamp
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 2.960
Number of deceased: 80 (all Tjilatjap camps)
Information: In the first weeks after the KNIL capitulation, British, Australian, and KNIL military personnel were interned in the artillery encampment in Tjilatjap, which was still under construction. Several hundred Javanese prisoners of war were freed quickly, and the rest of the prisoners of war were taken to Tjimahi. The encampment was, along with the infantry encampment elsewhere in Tjilatjap, subsequently used as an internment camp for “European” prisoners of war from the 15th Battalion's Encampment in Bandoeng. The harsh regime of the lieutenants Hiruyama and Takita cost several dozen prisoners in both camps their lives. The prisoners of war from the infantry camp were moved to the artillery camp on August 1st.
Commendant: lt. Hiruyama
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans
Camp leaders: kpt. F. Rietveld; lt.-kol. A. Pik; lt.-kol. A. Hamming; maj. Van Oyen
Literature: Schoonenberg, B., De poorten der hel. Van Batavia tot Pakan Baroe, veertig maanden slavenarbeid in Japanse gevangenkampen 1942-1945 (Bussum 1978)
Scholten, P., Op reis met de 'Special party'. Oorlogs- en kampherinneringen van P. Scholten (Leiden 1971)
Sorgdrager, D., Kamperen met oom Nippon (Oosterbeek 2007-2)
Brendgen, J.H.J., Belevenissen van een K.N.I.L.-officier in de periode 1942-1950. Militaire ervaringen vo?o?r en bij politië?le akties ([Haarlem] [1980])
Bloem, V.L., Furio Nippon als slaafarbeider [2000])