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Wulff Camp in Maoemere

Town: Maoemere
District: Flores
Region: Lesser Soenda Islands
Location: Maoemere is on the north coast of Flores.
From 10 May 1943 to 10 June 1943 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 250
Number of deceased: 380 (all of Maoemere)
Information: On April 25th 1943, 2,079 Dutch prisoners of war from Tjimahi left with the Tazima Maru, Tenzio Maru and Koam Maru from Soerabaja bound for Timor. On 9 May they arrived at Maoemere. They were put to work laying the Maoemere-Oost and Waioti airfields and the expansion of Maoemere City, an old Dutch airfield. The prisoners of war were housed in three camps they built themselves. The camps consisted of barracks of bamboo and atap, encircled with barbed wire. The hospital camp approximately 3 kilometres west of Maoemere was named after the camp elder Dr. J. Wulff. For the first several days the sick prisoners had to lie in the open air on the ground (in the rain); later canopy shelters (barracks with roofs but no walls) were built. In June the sick people from the Wulff Camp were transferred to the Reyers Camp.
Commendant: lt. Ashida Shoji; sgt. Aoki Masashiro
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans
Camp leaders: dr. J. Wulff
Literature: Veenstra, J.H.W. e.a., Als krijgsgevangene naar de Molukken en Flores. Relaas van een Japans transport van Nederlandse en Engelse militairen 1943-1945 ('s-Gravenhage 1982)
Jacobs, L., Executie van een dwangarbeid: krijgsgevangen op de Zuid-Molukken en Flores 1976)
Binnerts, C., "Alles is in orde, heeren....!" Een dagboek van het eiland Flores uit het jaar 1943 (Amsterdam 1947)
Jacobs, L., De 2200 van Flores. Kamp 'Y' Maoemere 1943-1944 (Den Haag [ca.1990])