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East-Indies camps ( Indische kamparchieven ENG )


'De Wijk' in Malang

Town: Malang
District: East Java
Region: Java
Location: Malang is in East Java. The Bergen neighborhood was in the northwest of the city.
From November 1942 to 04 April 1944 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Bergenbuurt, De Wijk, Goentoerbuurt
Internees: working men; women and children
Number of internees: 7.000
Information: The large camp for women and children in the Bergen neighborhood started in November-December 1942 as a “protected neighborhood” near Merbaboe Park. In mid-1943, the camp was expanded, in a southerly direction to Welirang Street and in a northerly direction to Ringgit Road. The camp was encircled by barbed wire and gedek. The extreme north section of the camp was intended for men who had to work through the Japanese occupation, along with their families. Those men who had been discarded by the Japanese concerns were taken to the marine camp, elsewhere in Malang. Their wives and children were sent, along with the other women and children of De Wijk, to camps in central Java.
Commendant: Kato
Guards: Native police personnel, heihos
Camp leaders: dhr. Prins; dhr. Lakeman
Literature: Liesker, H.A.M. e.a., Je denk, ken niet, maar kèn!! (Waddinxveen 1997)
Alt, M.A., Ons kampleven gedurende de Japansche en republikeinsche bezetting (Soerabaja [ca. 1947])
Zuster van Onze Lieve Vrouw van Amersfoort, Onder de gevreesde vloedgolf. Onze missie in oorlogstijd [1948])
Koblitz, F., Die Frauen von Lampersari. Im japanischen KZ auf Java (Wenen 2000)
Moscou-de Ruyter, M., Vogelvrij. Het leven buiten de kampen op Java 1942-1945 (Weesp 1984)

From April 1944 to August 1945 this location served as a relief camp >>
Other name: Bergenbuurt, De Wijk, Goentoerbuurt
Internees: women and children
Information: Until 1944, a large area of the Bergen neighborhood had functioned as a camp for women and children. The internees were taken at the end of 1943 and the beginning of 1944 to camps in central Java. A small area of the cleared camp, on Ringgit Road, remained in use as a holding camp for Indo-European women and children in need who had not been put onto transports.

From November 1945 to 31 July 1947 this location served as a republican camp >>
Other name: Bergenbuurt, De Wijk, Goentoerbuurt
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 8.000
Information: From November 1945, the northern part of the Bergen neighborhood served as a republican camp, initially for women but later also for men. The camp was divided into six sections, each of which was subdivided into blocks. Initially the camp consisted of 354 houses; in September, that was 157 houses. Because the camp also functioned as a transition camp for evacuee transports, the number of people in the camp changed continually. Sometimes it was overcrowded with 70 or 80 people in one house. The camp residents were given, among other things, oil and rice. There was a lot of bartering at the mats at the edge of the camp. Water was scarce. Not all parts of the camp had electric light. Among the internees were five doctors and many nurses. There was a small hospital set up in the camp. The seriously ill and those with contagious conditions were taken to the hospital in Sawahan Street, outside the camp. During 1946 and 1947, groups of internees and evacuees were taken to Semarang or Batavia. On July 31st 1947, during the first “police action”, the rest of the inmates were freed by Dutch troops.
Guards: Native police personnel
Camp leaders: mw. De Kroon; mw. R.M. Stoute; mw. Etchell; mw. A. Buning; mw. C. Schefmann; mw. E.Ch. Burgemeester