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East-Indies camps ( Indische kamparchieven ENG )


Work camp in Kelapanoenggal

Town: Kelapanoenggal
District: West Java
Region: Java
Location: Kelapanoenggal is situated approximately 20 kilometres east of Depok (West Java).
From October 1944 to August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Kalapanoenggal, Klapanoenggal, NV Maatschappij ter Exploitatie van de Rijstlanden op Java 'Michiel Arnolds'
Internees: boys and young men
Number of internees: 150
Information: From October 1944 until the end of August 1945, there was a punishment camp for Indo-European boys from Batavia and Buitenzorg at the Kelapanoenggal rubber plantation. The boys had refused to sign declarations of loyalty to the Japanese authority. The camp was led by two members of the pro-Japanese organization for Indo-Europeans, Persaudaraan Asia Gelongan Indo (PAGI), Mr. Klaarwater and Mr. Wens. The Japanese commandant lived in the manor house at Kelapanoenggal. The boys, all between 13 and 19 years old, stayed in a wooden barracks encircled by barbed wire on the grounds of the plantation. They were put to work under harsh conditions. They did not receive enough food, and due to malnutrition there was a lot of beri-beri. In May, five boys managed to escape; the rest left the camp after the Japanese surrender in August.
Commendant: sgt. Maihara
Guards: Heihos
Camp leaders: dhr. Klaarwater; dhr. Wens
Literature: Liesker, H.A.M. e.a., Je denk, ken niet, maar kèn!! (Waddinxveen 1997)