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Lembean in Airmadidi

Town: Airmadidi
District: Menado
Region: Celebes
Location: Airmadidi is situated in northern Celebes (Sulawesi), approximately 20 kilometres south of Menado.
From 28 March 1944 to 25 August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: men and women
Number of internees: 300
Number of deceased: 30 (until September 14th, 1945)
Information: On March 28th 1944, all of the women and children interned in northern Celebes were taken to a camp near Lembean, east of Airmadidi. The camp consisted of storage units made of wood, bamboo, and atap, en was encircled by barbed wire.
Commendant: Yamada (augustus 1944-augustus 1945)
Guards: Heihos
Camp leaders: Moeder-overste Philomena
Literature: Trommel, H.J., Te goed voor de hel en te slecht voor de hemel (Steenwijk [1975])
Kampleven onder tropenzon. Wat onze zusters-missionarissen in de vrouwenkampen van Noord- en Zuid-Celebes meemaakten ('s-Hertogenbosch 1946-2)
Roukens, M. en M. Brückel-Beiten, Nederlandse vrouwen in een Japans interneringskamp in beeld en woord (Alphen aan den Rijn 1972)
Brückel-Beiten, M., Aan de zus van Anton. Dagboek, brieven en tekeningen uit Indië, 1942-1945 (Zutphen 2004)
Kemperman, J. en E. Broers (red.), Dagboeken geschreven in vrouwenkampen in de Minahasa (Amsterdam 2003)

From 25 August 1945 to 16 September 1945 this location served as a ex-Japanese camp >>
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 300
Number of deceased: 30 (until September 14th, 1945)
Information: On March 28th 1944, all of the women and children interned in northern Celebes were taken to a camp near Lembean, east of Airmadidi. The camp consisted of storage units made of wood, bamboo, and atap, en was encircled by barbed wire. On August 25th 1945, Camp Commandant Yamada announced the Japanese capitulation. Three days later, H. Dallinga and ds. Kruyt from camp Teling arrived to confer about family reunification. At the beginning of September three nuns left for the cloister of Saint Walter in Tomohon. On September 12th the first Allied food drop took place. Two days later, 100 women and children, including some who were terribly ill, were evacuated via Menado. In mid-September the camp was cleared.
Camp leaders: Moeder-overste Philomena