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Bandoengan in Ambarawa

Town: Ambarawa
District: Central Java
Region: Java
Location: Ambarawa is situated in Central Java, south of Semarang. Bandoengan was approximately 7 kilometres northwest of Ambarawa.
From 24 September 1944 to 23 August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: men and boys
Number of internees: 263
Number of deceased: 1
Information: At the end of September 1944, an agricultural labour camp was set up at the site of a small plantation to the west of Bandoengan. Vegetables were cultivated here to meet the food supply needs of the camps in Ambarawa and Bandoengan. It was mainly boys and men from the camps Ambarawa 7 en 8 who were put to work there, with regular rotations, along with a small number of nuns. Until May 1st 1945, this camp was affiliated with Ambarawa 8, thereafter with Ambarawa 7. The forced laborers were housed in a number of houses and in improvised shelters of bamboo, wood, and atap.
Commendant: Sakai Sadao; Suzuki Susumu; Yamada
Main guards: Tashihara
Guards: Heiho's
Camp leaders: S.W.G. Gisius; C.B.F. Refuge
Literature: Al, J., Ambarawa, Bandoengan en de Belg Refuge. Mythe en werkelijkheid over twee Japanse kampen (Rotterdam 1994)

From October 1945 to 16 November 1945 this location served as a relief camp >>
Internees: women and children
Information: At the end of September 1944, an agricultural labour camp was set up at the site of a small plantation to the west of Bandoengan, and mainly boys and men from the camps Ambarawa 7 and 8 were put to work there. At the time of the Japanese capitulation, the camp held 204 boys, 8 men, and 12 nuns. On 23 August 1945 they returned on foot to Ambarawa 7. In October the Dutch women and children from the surrounding area sought refuge at the plantation. On November 8th they were evacuated to Ambarawa. On November 16th there was again an evacuation of women and children who had fled to the plantation, this time to Banjoebiroe 11.