Nederlands / Dutch
Your search: Zoeken in een collectie

East-Indies camps ( Indische kamparchieven ENG )

Search terms

Wildcards can be used:

  • ? (question mark) replaces a letter
  • * (asterisk) replaces a number of letters
  • By putting a $ (dollar sign) in front of a search term, you look for words that are similar.

Artillery Encampment in Tjilatjap

Town: Tjilatjap
District: Central Java
Region: Java
Location: Tjilatjap is situated on the south coast of Central Java. The artillery encampment was in the southeastern part of the city.
From 15 March 1942 to 05 February 1943 this location served as a prisoner of war camp >>
Other name: Kamp 2, Nieuwe kamp, TANIA-kamp (Tot Amerika Nederlands-Indië Aanvalt)
Internees: prisoners of war
Number of internees: 4.950
Number of deceased: 80 (all Tjilatjap camps)
Information: In the first weeks after the KNIL capitulation, British, Australian, and KNIL military personnel were interned in the artillery encampment in Tjilatjap, which was still under construction. Several hundred Javanese prisoners of war were freed quickly, and the rest of the prisoners of war were taken to Tjimahi. The encampment was, along with another infantry encampment elsewhere in Tjilatjap, subsequently used as an internment camp for “European” prisoners of war from the 15th Battalion's Encampment in Bandoeng. The harsh regime of the lieutenants Hiruyama and Takita cost several dozen prisoners in both camps their lives. After an inspection on August 27th by Major-General Saito, commandant in charge of all prisoner of war camps on Java, the camp leadership was changed and the regime softened somewhat. In February 1943 the prisoners of war were transferred to the 9th and 4th Battalions' Encampment in Tjimahi and the 15th Battalion's Encampment in Bandoeng.
Commendant: lt. Takita; maj. Ebiko Koshitaro; kpt. Shono Eji
Main guards: Suzuki Susumu; Ando; Yasui; Hasegawa; Uchiyama; Ishikawa; Hiramatsu; Sakamoto; Ishii; Fujii; Nakahara; Okumura
Guards: Japanese military personnel, Koreans
Camp leaders: lt.-kol. H. Poulus
Literature: Scholten, P., Op reis met de 'Special party'. Oorlogs- en kampherinneringen van P. Scholten (Leiden 1971)
Sorgdrager, D., Kamperen met oom Nippon (Oosterbeek 2007-2)
Brendgen, J.H.J., Belevenissen van een K.N.I.L.-officier in de periode 1942-1950. Militaire ervaringen vo?o?r en bij politië?le akties ([Haarlem] [1980])