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Ambarawa 9 in Ambarawa

Town: Ambarawa
District: Central Java
Region: Java
Location: Ambarawa is situated in Central Java, south of Semarang. The Teachers' College and boardingschool for girls of the Franciscan Sisters Heythuysen was on Mergo Agoeng, in the northwest of the city.
From 20 October 1943 to May 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 1.300
Number of deceased: 15 (October 1943 - August 1945)
Information: From the end of October 1943, the Roman Catholic Teachers' College and its girls’ dormitories functioned as an internment camp for women and children. They were housed in the boarding school dormitories, outbuildings, and sheds made of bamboo, atap, and wood. The complex was encircled by barbed wire and gedek. The conditions in all camps in Ambarawa were terrible due to severe overcrowding and a serious shortage of food and medicines. At the beginning of May 1945, the women and children were taken to other camps. Camp Ambarawa 9 started functioning as a labour camp, with a rope factory and a sewing workplace, where mainly women and children from Camp Ambarawa 6 were brought.
Commendant: Sakai Sadao; Suzuki Susumu; Yamada
Main guards: Shiba; Nagamatsu; Asano Kazumi; Urata Toshitaro; Hada; Hayama; Tokuyama Shutoku; Toyama
Guards: Native personnel, heiho's
Camp leaders: mw. E.C. Ongerboer
Literature: Vader, H.J., Achter het gedek. Dagboek van de dertienjarige Sonja Paardekooper uit kamp Ambarawa, december 1943-januari 1946 (Middelburg 1995)
Fenton Huie, S., Vergeten (Baarn 1994)
Fenton Huie, S., The forgotten ones. Women and children under Nippon (Pymble 1992)

From 01 July 1945 to 23 August 1945 this location served as a civilian camp >>
Other name: Touwslagerskamp
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 700
Number of deceased: 15 (October 1943 - August 1945)
Information: At the beginning of May 1945, the women and children who had been interned at the Roman Catholic Teachers' College and its girls’ boarding facility were taken to other camps. From July, women and children who had been interned at Ambarawa 6 were put to work in the boarding school at a rope-making facility and a sewing workshop. The complex was encircled by barbed wire and gedek. The camp was previously known as Ambarawa 9. After the abandonment of Ambarawa 8, at the Roman catholic boys’ secondary school , in May 1945, Ambarawa 9 was called Ambarawa 8.
Commendant: Yamada
Main guards: Shiba; Nagamatsu; Asano Kazumi; Urata Toshitaro; Hada; Hayama; Tokuyama Shutoku; Toyama
Guards: Native personnel, heiho's
Camp leaders: mw. I. de la Rambelje

From 23 August 1945 to 25 November 1945 this location served as a relief camp >>
Other name: Touwslagerskamp
Internees: women and children
Number of internees: 700
Number of deceased: 14
Information: At the time of the Japanese capitulation, the Roman Catholic Teachers' College and its girls’ dormitories held approximately 700 women and children. In October 1945 the camp was plundered by pemoedas. The water and electricity were cut off. On November 22nd about 40 TKR-militia invaded the camp, drove the women and children onto the central grass field, and threw hand grenades into the group. There were 14 dead and wounded in this attack. A coincidentally passing British patrol put an end to the attack. The next day a new attack on the camp was repelled. On November 25th the camp was evacuated. The camp was previously known as als Ambarawa 9. After the closure of Camp Ambarawa 8, in May 1945, the camp was reclassified as Ambarawa 8.

Commendant: Yamada
Camp leaders: mw. I. de la Rambelje
Literature: Broeshart, A.C., L.W. Nagtegaal en H.G. Quik, Vrede, maar geen bevrijding. Gebeurtenissen op Midden-Java in de Bersiaptijd (Leiden 1989)